Drought is listed as the costliest natural disaster on the world; it occurs in both high and low rainfall areas and affects more people than any other natural disaster. Thus, it is crucial to examine the onset of drought, intensity, duration and extent to diminish its effects on agricultural production. In Ethiopia, Agriculture is the major economic activity; however, natural disasters such as drought caused by the variability of rainfall greatly affect the sector. This book deals with the analysis of drought vulnerability and its effect on agricultural production. Both remote sensing and socio-economic data were used to identify meteorological, agricultural, vegetation, and socio-economic drought vulnerable areas. Besides, the spatial-temporal drought dynamic trends, the key drought driving factors and their effects on agricultural production and farmers' perception towards the cause of drought were examined in this study. Therefore, this book has an immense significance for academicians, researchers, and decision-makers to provide clear, comprehensive, and up-to-date information concerning the incidence of drought and its proper intervention methods.