The book is the first of its kind written by eminent scientists based on research findings conducted by them. India is receiving about 1100-1200 mm rainfall; its distribution is very erratic and uneven which leads to moisture scarcity and low crop production and productivity. The production and productivity of marginal lands therefore becomes very difficult and serious. In such situation production and management of dryland crop like drumstick becomes an attractive proposition. The crops like drumstick can be successfully grown in these regions and above mentioned soils for higher productivity. In India about 30% area under dryland agriculture accounts for marginal or wastelands, having shallow depths and uneconomic crop productivity. This land can be utilized for growing these crops successfully. Thus, there is tremendous scope for increasing the area under arid and dryland crop like drumstick in the country.However, there is limited information on drumstick crop at a place written scientifically.