HIV and AIDS pandemic continues to bring about unparalleled havoc especially in Africa. The alarming rates of HIV prevalence in the face of many prevention mechanisms have sent the world on its feet for new solutions to arrest and reverse the accelerating rate of HIV infection. Article 14 (1) (e) of the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa provides for the right to be informed of the HIV status of one’s sexual partner. This creates both a right to know one’s sexual partner’s HIV status and duty on persons who have tested positive or alternatively health care providers to disclose such status to their sexual partners. This book provides a detailed discussion on factors to be considered in implementing both the right and duty and the possible impact on the fight against HIV and women who bear the greatest burden. This book will be most useful to policy and law makers, professionals in NGOs, academics and anyone interested in contributing towards the fight against the HIV pandemic.