This book investigated gender based potentials andweaknesses of e-learning technology in Higherlearning institutions in Tanzania. The book drewsamples from four Universities namely University ofDar es Salaam (UDSM), Sokoine University ofAgriculture (SUA), Kilimanjaro Christian MedicalCollege (KCMC) of Tumaini University, and The OpenUniversity of Tanzania (OUT). Participants were underthree groups namely undergraduate students,postgraduate students and teaching staff contributingto a total of 251 respondents.The results indicatethat only a small proportion of students usedcomputer during their primary schools, ordinary leveleducation and at university. This study also notedthat only a small number offemale students participated in SMT subjects dueeither fear of these subjects, lack of interest andpoor background. This was reflected in poor usage ofICT as undergraduate female students. Also,access toICT resources was found to be a hindrance to theusage and in enlisting the benefits of e-learning. Inaddition the study reveals that ICT has notbeen fully utilized in Tanzania Universities.