The book has been divided in to four chapters each dealing with different aspects of wild life black buck sanctuary of Tal Chhapar situated in desert area of Rajasthan, India. The study of Tal Chhapar wild life sanctuary deals the ecological conditions of the sanctuary. In the Tal Chhapar sanctuary there are mainly black buck and little percentage of other birds. The author has tried to find out the present ecological conditions and ecological degradation. The author also suggested a management plan in this book.