This book is a presentation of some economic and social aspects of the rural labour markets in Sudan, with reference to the Gezira scheme. The book describes statistically those aspects in an attempt to fill the gaps in this field and to give some light about the rural labour markets in Sudan as a whole. It is considered as one of the most important trials in this ignorant, though most important branch of science. it is an added value to the academic and non-academic libraries for Sudanese and as well for other rsearchers all over the world. By that this book is one of the unique opportunities to diagnosis of one of the third world and developing labour markets. Many analytical techniques were used in this book, starting from the simple descriptive statistics, production functions, regression analysis and a farm household modelling approach.