This book consists of five main self-contained chapters that all deal with the analyses on current rice farmers’ status (Technical efficiency, life improvement, agricultural policy, price insurance) and impact-estimates of industrial water pollution on rice production in Vietnam. The specific objectives are: (1) - to measure the technical efficiency (TE) of rice production and identify its determinants. (2) - to investigate the factors affecting farmers’ quality of life. (3) - to analyze the effectiveness and impacts of agricultural policies on rice farmers. (4) - to estimate the potential for market-based insurance schemes of rice producing households. (5) - to calculate the damage of rice production caused by water pollution.