The book contains the contribution of sugarcane farming in Agricultural Economy of India. Including benefits to farmers and potential of employment generation by sugar industry in rural India. The book also illustrate the cost of sugarcane cultivation and impact of sugar industry in the upliftment of rural masses. The cultivation practices of sugarcane alongwith the techniques of enhancing land, water and input use efficiencies has been described in details. The mechanization of sugarcane cultivation has also been dealt with in the book.