Diversification of the economy away from oil producing and channeling resources to manufacturing and service sectors of the economy including agriculture provides the key to Nigeria’s economic stability. This will ensure that the global shift away from fossil fuel energy sources will not create any significant negative impact on the economy in the future. Nigeria needs to act fast in this regard. Nigeria should pursue rigorously alternative provision of renewable energy sources, for example, wind energy, in line with its growing preference internationally. This will not only provide efficient energy consumption, but will relatively reduce the green house gas emissions. Long term studies on national and regional climate should be embarked upon and religiously pursued. The findings of such studies will be paramount in the formulation of adequate response and adaptation policies such as adequate resettlement programmes for people that may be displaced by climate change, and increase government participation is crucial in the global climate change deliberation.