Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.Foxtail millet is regarded as a native of China, it is one of the world's oldest cultivated crops. Known from the Yang-Shao culture period dating back about 5000 years. To Europe it came in Bronze Age. Foxtail millet was grown as a first crop on forest clearings. Foxtail millet ranks second in the total world production of millets and continues to have an important place in the world agriculture providing approximately six million tons of food to millions of people, mainly on poor or marginal soils in southern Europe and in temperate, subtropical and tropical Asia. It will grow in altitudes from sea level to 2000 m. It cannot tolerate water logging. Foxtail millet is fairly tolerant of drought; it can escape some droughts because of early maturity. Due to its quick growth, it can be grown as a short-term catch crop. It is adapted to a wide range of elevations, soils and temperatures. Its grain is used for human consumption and as feed for poultry and cage birds.