Peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) are among the most heavily consumed and valued spices throughout the world due to their unique flavour and pungency. An Ethiopian cultivar "mareko fana" is highly preferred owing to its pungency level, attractive color, capsaicin content and high powder yield. Aimed at advanced students in the field of Plant Bio-technology, Botanical Sciences, Horticulture etc. and commercial growers, this crucial book provides the reader with efficient and reproducible in vitro techniques and procedures (protocol) that enables large scale production of plant materials true-to-type for mareko fana cultivar of C. annuum. It also provides a possible system towards genetic improvement of the crop. It offers up to date comprehensive information on origin and distribution, botany, economic importance and propagation (conventional propagation and micropropagation) of the plant packed with compelling photographs and tables indicating results and discussions of the study.