Human resources in an economy constitute a significant input in the production process of goods and services. The study of human resources their quality and problems is of immense use in manpower planning in both developing as well as developed economies. The agriculture is the major sector of Indian economy. The most of the population is depending upon agriculture which is contributing about half of the national income in the country. The agricultural labour constitutes an overwhelmingly predominant auction of the rural workforce. The agricultural labour occupies the lowest rung of the rural ladder. They are basically unskilled and unorganized and their conditions are at the lowest ebb. Their problems are complex which necessitate immediate attention from the planners and policy makers as their welfare is predominantly an agricultural economy. The character of Indian economic development reflects in the nature and magnitude of agricultural development of the country.