This book is an attempt to assist students and research scholars, who have little or no prior knowledge of the subject. This book presents the text explaining concepts and the definition of diversification of employment, employment potentialities in rural India, some facets of diversification of employment in Andhra Pradesh economy, socio-economic profiles of the study areas, trends and diversification of employment in rural areas – an empirical findings and related issues in the study areas. This book explains the information regarding percentage of employment in rural, urban areas in India and also indication between rural and urban employment. By and large, numerical tables and graphs have been included to illustrate the quantitative aspects of the economic terms and concepts. This book has been written in simple and reader friendly style.