Vermitechnology is one of the important components of organic farming. India produces about 2,500 million tones of organic wastes annually which could be utilized for recovery of four essential commodities like fertilizer, fodder, fuel and food. Earthworm (verm) is now known to be a good biological element for the recovery of vermifertilizer and vermin protein for use in agroecosystem, aquaculture, poultry etc. Earthworm culture, popularly called vermiculture is being widely practicised in big commercialized manner. Therefore, it is high time for India to enter into the vermitechnology as a part of the biotechnology programme. In India too some companies have come up, but by and large general awareness remains limited, despite the fact that several non-governmental organizations and governmental institutions are trying hard to popularize the vermitechnology for adoption. This book is an attempt to help of those desirous of starting vermicutlure and vermicompost industry.