This book represents part of my journey towards a culturally inclusive philosophy of science teacher education for Mozambique. From 1498 to 1975 Mozambique, a Southern African country, was a Portuguese colony. When the country achieved its independence from Portugal, an economic and cultural revolution started because the social system underwent major changes in adapting to the new system and new standards of values. At an axiological level, for example, questions emerged about what should be included in the science curricula and what science education ought to inspire in the country. Local cultural and moral values became a source for contesting the legitimacy of the existing science curricula. In this book I present my reflections on past and present and my visions for a culturally inclusive science teaching and learning.