In Africa, there are many regional economic communities. These regional economic communities are primarily established for the purpose of promoting economic relations within the regional states and finally to make the political and economic integration of Africa in reality. Besides, these economic communities involve in the promotion and protection of human rights in Africa. Thus,the book tries to analyze the involvement of African regional economic communities in the promotion and protection of human rights in general, and their key roles in the enforcement of human rights through their judicial organs in light of the promotion and protection of the African human rights system. The book give much emphasis on the roles and practices of the African court of human rights. Finally, the book tries to put its own concluding remarks and recommendations for the better and strong promotion and protection of human rights in Africa.