The purpose of this book was to investigate the effect of enrolment in public primary schools on quality of education in Nakuru Municipality. The study adopted a cross sectional survey research design with study units being drawn from representative public primary school teachers and pupils in Nakuru municipality. Findings from the study revealed that the FPE programme had led to increased enrolment in most of the sampled schools, with huge class sizes whereas the teaching load for most teachers was big, and available school facilities were inadequate. Furthermore, the current staffing level was the strongest impediment in realization of the objectives of FPE thereby affecting Performance in examination as the workload for the teacher has continued to pile. Based on these findings, it is recommended that the Government should put more effort to define clearly what role the parents need to play in partnership with other stakeholders in the provision of education within the public primary schools in Kenya. The Human Capital theory was referred to as a basis for this study where education is viewed as a necessary investment for the benefit of society at large.