A comparative review of environmental impact assessment programs for buildings from different regions and countries of the world will be presented in this book, their evolution, intended role and future development directions. Building sector is responsible for 40% of the world primary energy consumption. Buildings have direct impacts not only on their environment but also on people heath. Therefore, a considerable amount of researches have been devoted to improve the building sector standards. EIAP was one of the approaches offered to address the building sector negative impacts on the environment. A review of the current environmental situation in Egypt and the serious problems affecting it will be presented. Egypt’s general indicators, the pressures and forces influencing environmental decision making and the current action plans proposed by the Egyptian government to face the serious problems threaten its environment.