Are we to ready to shift from 'Metropolis' to 'Aerotropolis'? In today?s world, aviation, one of the major forces in the global context, is emerging with the new concept of 21st century as ?Aerotropolis?. This unique urban plan requires a careful development approach but there is no existing legislation in India particularly for planning and siting of an Aerotropolis which covers adequate provision and stringent standards to stop any irreversible damage to the surrounding environment. Bengal Aerotropolis Project Ltd. envisions an Aerotropolis, a green field development, in Durgapur, West Bengal, which is first of its kind in India. Environmental implications of this Aerotropolis can be a serious issue as its location being adjacent to the coal reserve. In this book attempts has been made to identify the issues and sensitive areas surrounding the project site. Recommendations have been made in the form of policy guidelines and suggestions in protecting environment to make a successful Aerotropolis.