Pollution has become an inevitable evil and unavoidable problem in both developing and developed countries. Industrialisation, development of technology, use of coal and oil are some of the main reasons for environmental pollution. Economic stability, foreign exchange resources and employment opportunities of a country mainly depends upon the industrialization of the country. Industrialists who are only aiming at profit motivation are ignoring the safety precautions and polluting the environment, which is directly affecting the health of inhabitants of that area. Pollution not only affects the present generation, but also affects the future generation. Pollution of water, air and atmosphere is having direct impact on human health. Destruction of environment leads to destruction of healthy life. The present book deals with the problems of environmental pollution, its effects on human health and animals and how the rate of pollution can be reduced and how the victims of pollution can be compensated. Issues are explored from legal angle.The scholar gave more importance for the payment of compensation to the victims of pollution through law of insurance.