Environmental Impact Assessment has been a very important aspect as far as Protection of Environment is concerned. Each and every company has to follow the norms which has been stated under the act. Proper implementation of EIA helps in protecting the interest of all the stakeholders involved with the project. All the projects first of all needs an Environmental clearance from central as well as state legislation. Then company has the right to proceed for the implementation of the project. Here, I have emphasized on two landmarks cases for EIA. One is LAVASAA - The first hill city of India (pune) and second is the issue of Nirma Cement Plant (Bhavanagar). Each and every point has been carefully observed and justified for Environmental Impact Assessment with the help of this two cases. This book will help you to understand how the conservation of environment is important. It also states the care which we as a citizen has to take care in the conservation of environment. Our awareness will help to restore the ecological balance. I hope that this small contribution of mine will facilitate great hope.