Remote sensing and GIS with socio-economic data carry out the monitoring / planning the distribution of various objects and help us to prevent such disasters. Those have brought huge losses of the environment. This research estimates the natural resources of the study region and will be effective for evaluating natural resource mapping and their proper management for future utilization. Research work entails the maximum utilization of existing natural resources to reduce regional imbalances, promote sustainable development and at the same time ensure the protection of fragile eco-environment. Vulnerability and risk assessment have the aim to show the intensity and its distribution in the study region; of the susceptibility of environment. The results indicate that eco-environmental vulnerability changes have had a significant impact on sustainable development of a region. Where vulnerability is defined as a function of sensitivity, exposure and the state relative to a threshold of damage. The model is presented as a tool to help identify relative vulnerability and risk in order to prioritize actions and assess the vulnerability implications of management and policy decisions.