Terrorism must be condemned and terrorists must face justice. The international community through the United Nations,and other Regional organizations come up with certain legal and institutional measures to prevent such a heinous crime. Counter-terrorism measures are also implemented at a country level. It has been the belief of so many Ethiopians that the Ethiopian Anti-Terrorism law was put into effect to prevent terrorism and punish those culprits. The law misses its legislative intentions and it has been consistently used to control and suppress dissent. Opposition politicians,journalists,Human right defenders, even religious leaders have been charged with "terrorism" crimes. They have been unlawfully detained, easily convicted and jailed for more that ten years. Such abuse by the government bullies and quashes the opposition. This book solidly shows violations of human rights by the Ethiopian government and deducts lessons the International community must learn in our global attempt to maintain international peace and security.