All the systems of medicine of the world had their origins in traditional or ethnomedicinal practices only. Animal husbandry sub-system in the tribal village ecosystem is well developed. The domestic animals suffer various diseases. The indigenous knowledge and practice based on locally available bioresources are effective to cure diseases and are easily administrable. Human involvement in development in depletion of the plant resources of the nature and rapid modernization of creative systems have gradually replaced the ancient but effective system of tribal medicine. The Indian subcontinent has a rich ethnoveterinary health tradition owing to the large agriculture based livelihoods and rich biodiversity. Due to various social, economic and political factors this tradition is facing the threat of rapid erosion. The ethnomedicinal plants need further intensive investigation for their pharmacological activity on the basis of which ethnotherapeutics being practiced by the tribals. This will lead to development of new drugs of herbal origin. This book is useful to the researchers in the fields of Botany, Pharmacy, Veterinary and Biotechnology.