The main goal of this work is simple; to help create an overall idea on the phenomenon of child trafficking in the European Union and its Member States, focusing especially in the efforts exerted during the most recent years (including the first quarter of 2009 where possible) to combat this crime in nine selected Member States and to identify gaps therein. To achieve this overall goal, this work intends to give answers to several questions and come to conclusions based upon them. These questions are addressed throughout the work and main findings are identified, and recommendations are provided. The work is also intended to contribute somehow to the research work being done in the field, hoping to bring something useful for future research students and academics. Of course, it is not exhaustive, but it is hoped that it will serve as a starting appetizer in the bulk of thoughts and expertise on future actions that need to be taken at different levels, starting from the EU law arena down to the individuals.