The depletion of fossil fuel resources and the effect that their utilisation has on the global climate presents our civilisation with the challenge of finding new and cleaner ways to provide and use energy. Renewable Energy sources represent part of the solution to this problem, and their introduction into the energy mix of most OECD countries has been encouraged over the past decade. This book will look to the progress made by Italy, France, Germany and Denmark in their approach to the stringent EU targets for Renewable Generation. The different energy mix and natural resources of each country will be taken into consideration in assessing their progress, but special attention will also be paid to the different domesticsocial and political environments. Finally, Comparisons made with Germany, Denmark and France illustrate that Italian shortfalls may be the result of inflexible legislation, an overcomplicated bureaucracy and a delay in which the renewables agenda was addressed by the Italian Government.