This book explains about the expansion of eucalyptus and its impact on the livelihood of the households in a particular community. Population pressure-prone tree plantation now a days is becoming common practice in Ethiopia. Eucalyptus tree plantation in the area of study is also practiced for ages to fulfill household fuel wood consumption, construction and market demand with less attention to its ecological impacts. All these informations may assist decision makers, NGOs and environmental planners about the dramatic expansion of the species and its ecological impacts and so as to do with environmental protection. The material may also contribute as source of information for land use practices and background to undertake other related researches in Gurageland in particular, and other areas of the country in general.