South Africa''s metamorphosis is witnessed through three transitional processes, two of which are more pronounced. The first is that of political transformation, which is now reflected in a citizen representative government; the second is that of economic transformation - a platform upon which many Affirmative Action initiatives spring. The third process, social transformation, is seemingly not as prioritised as the former two though it is equally imperative for South Africa''s overall transition, particularly in respect to its cultural transformation initiatives. This study examines the extent to which social and cultural relevance, as part of transformation, is currently being pursued in South Africa. It scrutinizes the effectiveness of constitutional and legislative reform measures, namely, the recently established policy framework on indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) and highlights violence as a major obstacle in South Africa''s transformation pursuits.