The term “homelessness” sometimes gives the impression of a relatively homogeneous population with a common set of needs. However, this image is not accurate. Homeless people have different reasons which drive them to homelessness and face different challenges according to their age, sex, and physical and mental stability. However, there are specific groups who face more challenges than-others in Addis Ababa , Ethiopia. Single women and children are the most vulnerable groups among the homeless. Single women face physical and sexual abuse, and are encouraged to be commercial sex workers. Having a husband is one way of reducing threats for homeless women. In addition, the homeless living situation is not favorable especially for children. Homeless children are exposed to various health hazards, accidents, and a lack of basic services. Thus women and children are a group of homeless people who need special treatment since they face many challenges that differ from the others.