High fertility and rapid population growth have an impact on the overall socio-economic development of a country in general and maternal and child health in particular. Moreover, high population growth rate puts pressure on a nation’s scarce resources and poses a serious challenge to the provision of food, housing, health, educational services and employment opportunities to the public. Ethiopia is among the developing countries where the rate of population growth is one of the highest and contraceptive prevalence rate is one of the lowest. The practice of family planning and its possible determinants have hardly been explored in rural parts of the country. Targeting the identified factors, and making policy and development interventions can promote the level of utilization of family planning among rural women.