Those with an interest in the history and development of the pastimes and sports of the British, cannot fail to be aware of falconry. At one time considered a clear indicator of social status, a changing context so nearly consigned the sport to the past. Whilst declining in popularity during the 17th & 18th Centuries the sport was to experience an organisational shift that would help to ensure its survival. An examination of the constituents and requirements of falconry is followed by an investigation into the context in which it was practiced, and its'' relationship with both fox hunting and shooting. The manifestation of the ‘clubs'', the amateur control of the sport are considered together with the influence of the modern science of ornithology through the support of Lord Lilford. Representation through art and literature is addressed as is the lure of the exotic and the imperial imagination.. This text should be of interest to sport and cultural historians, those who have an interest in the development of field sports or hunting activities, and those who wish to consider man''s complex relationship with some of nature''s wildest creatures – the birds of prey.