Islam, family planning and the issues pertaining to contraception have always been under debate with different schools of thoughts and in different eras. Religion Islam has been interpreted as one of the major barriers in promoting birth spacing and contraceptives even for improving maternal and child health. Pakistan as a developing country faces this huge challenge of overgrowing population amidst illiteracy and poverty, with almost a stagnant contraceptive prevalence rate. This book presents a compilation of how family planning and contraception is seen, understood, promoted and practised in various Islamic countries. Henceforth, this evidence should guide the readers, researchers, academics and the family planning advocates to follow the guidelines and verdicts of authentic schools of Islam such as from Iran and Egypt and incorporate them in their country specific programmes.