The Indian agricultural scenario indicates that the food security for growing human population is paramount concern. This requires sustaining food production, which can be realized by increasing land and labour efficiency in agriculture through farm mechanization. Farm mechanization is considered to be one of the several pathways of agricultural development. In modern agricultural practices, mechanization of farm is needed from the view point of profitability of agriculture. A farming system cannot sustain with the traditional machinery. The mechanization of farm is also inductive to the diversification of the cropping system. The book will provide a venue for the sharing of practical application of existing systems and technologies as well as of strategies that will be most effective in tackling the very complex socioeconomic and environmental factors influencing the adoption and utilization of farm machineries.