Currently, soil erosion is one of the serious challenges that are facing our environment, especially to agrarian societies. Perhaps, the problem is more pronounced in developing regions in which traditional way of farming is practiced. Level of perception and attitude to give response for this problem is far wider from region to region. However, in this book the writer tried to assess what the perception of farmers on soil erosion and their attitude towards conservation seems like in one of the developing region, Ethiopia. Thus, it will be valuable for different bodies that are involving in this issue and for students who want to conduct further study.