Examination of the early (European) influences of the upcomming film and modern arts on William Faulkner''s novel writing and demonstration of the interdependency of film and novel writing in his work. Part 1 tries to answer the question who William Faulkner actually was and examines the influences on his development as a modernist writer: the South, Sherwood Anderson and modern European painting. Part 2 traces the cinematic in Faulkner''s novels, explores cinematic techniques in Faulkner''s writing and looks for references to films and criticism in Faulkner''s work as a novelist. Part 3 takes a look at screenwriting in Hollywood, examines the task of screenwriting and analyzes Faulkner''s films and treatments. Part 4 shortly goes into the theory of film adaptation and compares more or less successful film adaptations of Faulkner''s novels and short stories.