Although China can boast being one of the first civilizations to document its sexual history, many modern-day Chinese are lacking in basic sexual knowledge. Presently the social and economic resources available are not enough to adequately address the sexual education and counseling needs of China’s growing population. Previous research indicates that those experiencing high sexual anxiety also tend to make poor decisions regarding sex and sexuality, and those with high levels of fear of intimacy have been found to feel less optimistic about the prospect of being in long-term relationships, and report less satisfaction with their current relationships. The research findings discussed in this book aims to contribute to the study of contemporary Chinese sexuality by exploring the relationships found between Fear of Intimacy and Sexual Anxiety among Chinese college students. Readers interested in learning more about Chinese history and/or human sexuality topics will be introduced to historical and contemporary influences on Chinese sexuality, as well as a review of international studies on intimacy, attachment and sex anxiety.