The decades of war and conflict in Afghanistan need to finally come to an end. The roots of terrorism and Al-Qaeda ought to be vanished forever. The intervention of the international community should further occur mostly through civil and reconstruction approaches. Likewise, the contemporary time in Afghanistan witnesses that the current presidential system cannot respond to these requirements. Therefore, there is the need for a federal system that includes all the Afghan ethnic groups and is recognized nationally. A political federalism, a specific form of federalism designed for the post-conflict states and those suffering from ethnic crisis such as Afghanistan. A federal government will provide autonomous power to all ethnicities in their areas, which will develop stability and security. Accordingly, the level of dissatisfaction among the citizens regarding inequality of power will decrease. The Taliban, extremists and insurgents will not acquire the support of the civilian anymore. On the whole, political stability leads Afghanistan to a new era of reconstruction along with the help of the international community. Once this system is in place, it paves the way for further socio-economic development and military and civil self-sufficiency of the Afghans.