This Project book is the original work of the author that was prepared by referring different relevant documents to provide the conceptual and theoretical foundations of financial management theory. It was prepared for the purpose of earning the MBA degree. It discusses the concept of financial performance analysis in case commercial banking sector. In order to achieve the research objectives the study employed financial ratio analysis of Ethiopian Commercial banks during 2008-2012. The background area, methodology, discussion, conclusions and recommendations were stipulated inside the paper. The findings was arrived at by employing T-test hypothesis to check the difference between operational efficiency, liquidity management, assets management, profitability position among selected Commercial banks in Ethiopia.