Climate change has created an enormous social, economic and environmental hazard to the world in general and South Asia in Particular. Similarly, Pakistan was confronted by the flash flooding in 2010, which occurred due to melting glacier and an abnormal increase in rain in the month of July. The present study analysed the socio-economic vulnerability caused by the flood and its impact on the livelihoods of the people in Northern Pakistan. It also analyses the difficulties faced by the women of both the ethnic groups “The Afghans and The Pakhtuns”. Moreover, the analysis is made on the pre-event and post-event situations of both of the ethnic communities.