Food security is an issue of great importance. In South Asian countries including India millions of people suffer from hunger and malnutrition. Malnutrition in all age groups, especially among children, low birth weight due to under-nutrition of mother during pregnancy and underweight of children and cases of starvation deaths are common in these countries. But a civilized society in the 21st century cannot allow this to happen. So it is a major challenge to the Government to provide the minimum food-grains to all poor people at a very subsidized rate so that they can maintain their life and livelihood security. Food-security measures, analysis of the overall situation of food security in India and some policy prescription in detail are meticulously discussed. This book is prepared for the students of economics, development economics, sociology and social works. Those who work, in India or abroad, on issues of income inequality, hunger, under-nutrition, minimum support prices for procurement of food-grains, operation of PDS, regional disparity in the consumption of food-grains, price stabilization and food inflation etc will be immensely benefitted from the matter of this book.