This book tries to reflect intelligently on the nature of participation of humans, and their relations in the field of forest. It deals with the earlier social structures of the forest and explores answers to the question how dependents of the forest and the working of the forest department as an institutional modern mechanism and their interconnections deals with forest and managing the people. The study gives emphasis on the aspects of participation in forest management and the involvement of all agencies within. It also tries to problamatise the question of being a researcher and a participant in the whole process of Participatory Forest Management. This study through an interdisciplinary approach, has toiled to bring out field level realities from the day to day lives of the forest dependents.