The book is pivoted to the usage of the 2-D Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) technique for image compression, wherein the readers will come across the development of a new and faster 2-D DCT algorithm, and its hardware implementation. It describes the evolution of VHDL codes by implementing DSP Design Architect tools from Mentor Graphics in respect of hardware chip realization. However, efforts are also made simultaneously towards the development of the relevant algorithm in MATLAB platform in order to verify the functionality of the developed VHDL codes. The synthesis of VHDL codes using Quartus Integrated Synthesis (QIS) tools was performed by implementing Altera’s library (90-nm) to make the synthesized design downloaded to a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) board. The synthesis software was also used to optimize the performance of the design related features such as chip area, delay, clock frequency and power dissipation. The book presents the development of fast processor in a lucid fashion so that the readers would grasp the theme presented, and be motivated to actually realize the developed processor as well as implement the ideas in their own designs.