Within the free will debate there are traditionally two competing arguments: determinism and freewill. These two diametrically opposed views are embedded in modern theories on crime, in particular where positivists fiercely criticise libertarianist criminology. The role of free will in assigning criminal responsibility has always been one of the most fundamental issues in criminal law, criminology, and penology. This book will attempt to offer a small contribution to that debate. The approach of my argument, through an analysis of free will in relation to criminal action, will be to explicate paradigms of free will in the process of carrying out criminal acts.