Friction welding(FW) is a fairly recent technique that utilizes a non-consumable welding tool to generate frictional heat and plastic deformation at the welding location, there by affecting the formation of a joint while the material is in solid state. The principal advantage of frictional welding, being a solid state process, low distortion, absence of melt-related defects and high joint strength, even in those alloys that are that are considered non-weldable by conventional welding techniques. The technique can produce joints utilizing equipment based on traditional machine tool technologies, and it has been used to weld a variety of similar and dissimilar alloys as well as for welding metal matrix composites and for repairing the existing joints. Replacement of fastened joints with FW welded joints can lead to significant weight and cost savings, attractive propositions for many industries. This document reviews some of the FW work performed to date, presents a brief account of mechanical testing of welded joints, tackles the issue of generating joint allowables, and offers some remarks and observation.