Bhutan is a Buddhist country with the development philosophy of Gross National Happiness, where people follow non-violence as one of the principles of life. However, the rising crime in the country says otherwise, with urban centres witnessing more crime than in the rural areas (with female offending less than male). It is not known to what extent this difference between the two may be influenced by different socialization of boys and girls. This book attempts to study the current socialization of boys and girls at home and in school and the changes taking place in gender stereotyping, behaviour, expectations and other gender-related messages that young people grow up with in Bhutan. Parents, and teachers, among others potentially play a role in influencing their behaviour and the extent to which it is the case in Bhutan and how it is changing over the past decades. The study should help shed some light on influence of socialization and the gender differences in delinquencies and should be useful to those studying gender, influence of socialization, gender differences in delinquency or anyone interested in the socialization of children in a Buddhist country.