This publication addresses the problem of gender inequality in employment; through a conceptual history of equality for all following the promulgation of a new Constitution. It analyzes numerous literature to identify how equal opportunities have been understood and how these have been translated or omitted for women in formal employment in Uganda. Equal Opportunity has been institutionalized in Ugandan legislation, government policy documents and even in regulations of private players most especially following the 1995 Constitution. Despite these efforts and advances to secure equality for women in employment, equal employment opportunities for women is a dream still being fought to be realised. Also, despite the important role women play and contribute to the labour force in Uganda, there are generally marked imbalances in their integration in the economy and yet they constitute a majority of the population. Equal opportunity functions by invoking the metaphor of everyone being permitted to compete in a race... and therefore, all should have equal competing ground and opportunity.