This study assesses the gender dimensions of Land holding in Machakel woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. The study employed qualitative approach through case study method. It is found out that women have poor access to and control over land in both female and male headed households. In case of female headed ones, women who have got the chance to access land have “starvation plots” which are too small to support their lives. Those who have the small plots can’t fully utilize their lands due to socio-cultural constraints and lack of critical farm inputs like capital and oxen. In the male headed households, men have possessed the exclusive control over key assets and decisions crucial to the household. Notwithstanding this, women involve in various on farm and domestic activities and are found to have the key to achieve household food security. The limited participation of women is not affecting only them but also the land and household food security as their lands are vulnerable to mismanagement in both sharecropping and renting arrangements.