Wheat (Triticum aestivum. L) is an important cereal, used as staple food and a good source of income in different countries. It is providing food to the one third of world’s population. Wheat grain is highly venerated for a number of products. To feed the increasing population of world is a great challenge for researchers. The only way to tackle this challenge is to develop new genotypes with good yield potential and to enhance the potential of available genotypes. Breeding strategies for high potential varieties made on the basis of scientific and agronomic knowledge is good way to achieve this goal. Both quality and quantity of grain are important targets to improve. Genetic analysis is one of best tools to exploit the potential of species for application on commercial scale. It will not only enable us to feed humanity but also direct to use natural resources in proper way.