Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is one of the most important and diverse legume staples consumed worldwide, especially in Latin America and in East and southern Africa. Some 12 million metric tons are produced annually worldwide, of which about 8 million tons are from Latin America and Africa. Improving productivity of this crop is crucial to change the livelihood of the poor farmers. Generating genetic information is base for the improvement of crop via exploiting the existing and introduced genotypes. Prediction of the gene action at early stage also helps to know the existing variability early and to take breeding decision about the population.