The book 'Genetics of cowpea' is a compilation of research findings on the study of morphological traits of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.). The inheritance pattern of some qualitative traits, such as purple pigmentations on the vegetative parts of the plant, flower colour, pod colour, seed colour, shape and texture, plant habit, and number of branches; and some quantitative traits, such as days to flower, days to maturity, pod length, peduncle length and seed weight are discussed. These traits exhibited monogenic, digenic and multigenic patterns of inheritance with various types of gene interactions which include dominance, complementarity, epistatis, etc. Some of these coloured parts of the plant showed close association with each other which could either be as a result of pleiotropy or linkage. The literature cited in the text is given at the end of the book. The book will meet the needs of university students, plant breeders and researchers.